The temporal lobe is extrmely important for speech understanding and systhesis.
The temporal lobe is limited superiorly by the posterior ramus of the sylvian fissure and posteriorly by the parieto-occipital and the lateral parieto-temporal lines. It presents two main sulci, the superior and inferior temporal sulci, which divide the lateral surface of the temporal lobe into 3 gyri: the superior, middle and inferior temporal gyri. The inferior temporal gyrus occupies the lateral and basal surfaces of the cerebrum. The superior and inferior gyri converge anteriorly to form the temporal pole.